NOTE: As the
Spooky Season reaches its climax, I repost the climax of my four-part tribute to the legendary lost Tod Browning-Lon Chaney
collaboration London After Midnight. Here it is, with a few
afterthoughts. If you haven't read the first three parts yet, you'd
better scroll down and catch up -- you don't want
to get ahead of the story!
* * *
The concluding chapters of London After Midnight
by Marie Coolidge-Rask:
Chapter 19 - The Man in the Beaver Hat
Balfour House, the man in the beaver hat, lantern in hand, climbs the
stairs to the secret room where the bat-woman hovers near the ceiling.
Come down, he says, all is ready; she is on her way.
the overgrown garden the bat-woman waits as Lucy approaches. As the two
come together, a shriek like a woman's voice rends the air. Lucy
cowers, but the bat-woman soothes her: "It's nothing. They're awake --
coming." Lucy feels herself taken in two strong arms and carried bodily
into the house. She sees that her bearer is the man in the beaver hat
described by Smithson.
Lucy looks around; tears well in
her eyes as she takes in the home she has not seen since her father's
death five years before. She begs the pair with her to tell her who they
The man in the beaver hat silences her with a
gesture. Footsteps are heard outside. Suddenly there's the crash of a
shattering window and a man tumbles into the room at their feet.
Chapter 20 - Hibbs' Madness
Hamlin House, Hibbs dashes downstairs to where the servants cluster,
roused from their sleep by the sudden hue and cry from Lucy's room. They
urgently entreat Hibbs to tell them what's going on, but he is
incoherent, raving -- They're coming! They're all around! I go to destroy them!
unfortunate Hibbs rummages around the kitchen, yard and outbuildings of
the estate, raving about an axe and a hickory stake, the implements he
must have to destroy the "vampyrs." He finds an axe in a chopping block
and sharpens two pieces of wood into stakes, muttering madly all the
while. The servants watch in amazement, afraid to intervene in his
maddened state. Soon he is off on his way to Balfour House on his
desperate, fevered mission.
At Balfour House he lurks
outside a window, his eyes wide, barely suppressing the wild beating of
his heart. What he sees through the window drives him madder still: Lucy
standing with the man in the beaver hat and the bat-woman. She doesn't
run, she doesn't flee; she is in their wicked power! She must be saved
before it's too late!
Hibbs leaps through the window,
falling at the feet of Lucy and the two fiends in a shower of glass.
Before he can move or clear his fevered brain, creatures of unimaginable
strength have pounced upon him, overwhelmed him, bound him, borne him
off. Is this the end? Has he failed to save Lucy? Is he doomed to be a
Chapter 21 - Help from Scotland Yard
Scotland Yard, the summons to Hamlin House has been received and a
squad of constables is ready to set out. The assistant commissioner
knows now that Inspector Burke's preparations -- carefully set in motion
by the work of an undercover agent -- are about to bear fruit.
constables pile into a car and swiftly depart for their destination, an
estate outside London. They are told that when the car is sighted there
will be a signal -- a siren; they are to reply with a howl, just like
the other night.
As the car speeds along, they hear the
siren -- a long, piercing shriek like a woman's scream. The car replies
with its own special signal, a blaring electric horn like the howl of a
dog. Peering into the darkness, the constables see the outline of
Hamlin House straight ahead.
Chapter 22 - A Strange Conference
Hamlin House, Colonel Yates hears the howl of a dog, just like the one
the night of his and Sir James's visit to the Balfour crypt. Looking out
the window, he sees a car approaching. It must be Scotland Yard, he
tells Sir James, and not a minute too soon.
and Sir James go downstairs, the butler is admitting the police, who
have arrived in response to Sir James Hamlin's request. Sir James
introduces the policemen to Colonel Yates, saying he will explain the
situation to them; Sir James himself is too distraught.
colonel surveys the police detail with a military eye, apparently
deciding that they will do. Quickly he summarizes the weird train of
events that have led to their presence here. Now, he says, they have
reason to believe that Miss Lucy Balfour is in dire peril in her former
home. The police should proceed at once to Balfour House and be prepared
for "instant action."
Yates turns to Sir James; does
he have his revolver ready? Sir James does. Let me see it, says the
colonel. Examining the gun, he notes that it has not been fired in a
long time and may not be reliable. Turning to one of the officers, he
asks for a spare pistol that Sir James can carry in case the need for it
Sir James, seated at his desk, tries to insist
that his own revolver will do, but something in Colonel Yates's eyes
stops him. Sir James, in his highly nervous state, seems suddenly
transfixed. Colonel Yates moves his hands before the man's face but gets
Satisfied, the colonel takes Sir James's
desk clock and sets the hands to eight o'clock. He places the clock
before Sir James. At twenty-five minutes past eight, he tells Sir James,
come to the verandah door at Balfour House.
Colonel Yates leaves with the police. Sir James, he says, will be joining them later.
Chapter 23 - From Out of the Past
is upset at what is happening to Hibbs -- those men seizing him,
binding him, carrying him away, saying he must be drunk. Jerry is never
drunk! The bat-woman tries to calm her. Please, dear, she says, didn't
he tell you to remember your part and do it, no matter what? Yes, Lucy
says, but he said he'd take care of Jerry, see that he comes to no harm.
And so he will, the woman says, we all will. She turns to the man in
the beaver hat. What was wrong with him? Too much excitement, the man
says; he'll be taken care of and kept out of harm's way. But now we have
to work fast.
Lucy pulls herself together. You'd
better see the man in the next room, the bat-woman says to Lucy, prepare
yourself. It might be a shock and you should get it over with.
Lucy parts a frayed curtain and looks into the next room at the man sitting at her father's desk. It is
shock. The resemblance is uncanny, eerie. For a moment she feels like a
little girl again, the little girl who came into this very room and
found her father dead, sitting where that man is now. Lucy looks down at
herself and sees that she is not that little girl at all anymore. This
man can't be her father -- but he looks so
prays for the strength to do what she must. She goes up to the man, who
rises to greet her. They talk briefly. She answers his questions about
the night she last saw her father alive. He tells her he can only
imagine how difficult this is for her. He has three daughters of his
own, and he hopes any one of them would feel just as Lucy does. But he
also hopes that they would find the strength to do what must be done.
It's so important. "Play the role," he says, "and make it a success."
Chapter 24 - Metamorphosis
returns to the waiting bat-woman. The woman dresses her in a girlish
white frock identical to one she had as a young girl. The woman tells
her it is the same dress, that Smithson has retrieved it for Lucy to
wear tonight. Again, as so often this night, Lucy is surprised; she
thought she was being so clever in stealing away from Hamlin House, and
Smithson knew all the time!
Yates strides into the hall with several men. One of them Lucy
recognizes as one of the men who subdued Hibbs; in a flash she realizes
that the other man who grappled with her sweetheart was the man who so
resembles her father. Who are all these people? And who is Colonel
The man in the beaver hat removes his cloak and hands it to the colonel. Is everything ready? Yates
asks. The man says yes, handing his hat to the colonel, then removing
his wig and handing that over as well. In the hat, wig and cloak,
stooped over and contorting his face, Colonel Yates looks exactly like
the other man -- except for the absence of those spiky teeth, which he
conceals by raising the collar of the cloak.
now Smithson is there, telling Lucy how sweet she looks. I followed you
to the edge of Hamlin grounds, she says, to make sure you were safe.
Yates also compliments Lucy on her appearance -- just what he wanted.
As he takes her by the hand and leads her toward the other room,
questions swim in Lucy's head. What is this all about? Why isn't Sir
James here? Who are these people? Who is Smithson, really? And who is Colonel Yates?
Chapter 25 - Sinister Preparations
steady stream of commands, directions and questions comes from Colonel
Yates. Where is the notary? The stenographer? He questions Lucy about
the arrangement of the furnishings in the room, making adjustments as
she points them out. He orders everyone to their positions. He turns to
Lucy and asks if she is ready. Yes, she says, but how can going through
that night again bring a guilty person to justice? All will be clear in
good time, he assures her. And he reminds her, after she has said good
night, not to linger but to go directly to the room where the bat-woman
waits for her.
colonel disappears behind a screen, but Lucy can just see his eyes
watching through the slits between the panels. How she wishes this were
all over and done. But now the house is silent, waiting. Someone is
approaching along the verandah.
Chapter 26 - Sir James Pays a Call
the desk clock reads 8:25 Sir James rises and leaves the house, pausing
briefly to tell Billings, the butler, that he is going to call at
Balfour House. Billings says nothing, as he was directed by Colonel
Yates, merely watches Sir James go. Billings reflects on the mystifying
events of the last few days, most mystifying of all being the note left
by Anna Smithson, thanking him for his many kindnesses and saying,
regretfully, that it is necessary for her to leave Hamlin House
immediately; a baggageman will call for her luggage in the morning.
James proceeds steadily to Balfour House, pausing to look around as he
enters the grounds. What a fine estate he will have, he reflects, when
these grounds are combined with his own.
Sir James enters the house, the butler, Mooney, announces him. His
friend Roger rises to greet him. And there is dear Lucy, that lovely
little girl of Roger's. Sir James observes with envy the affection
between father and daughter as she kisses Roger good night. Lucy smiles
at Sir James and extends her hand, wishing him a good night. Aren't you
going to kiss me too? Sir James asks.
smile vanishes. She tells Sir James she doesn't like him when he talks
like that. Then she is gone; Sir James and Roger Balfour are alone.
Chapter 27 - In Hypnosis
Sir James's mind, it is five years ago, the night he last saw Roger
Balfour alive; the man with him is Roger Balfour; and they are alone.
But the man he takes for Roger -- whose real name is Drake -- knows that
none of those things are true. They are certainly not alone; every move
they make is being watched, every word heard and taken down for the
record. Now that Lucy is out of the room, there is only one person who
knows how the conversation went between the two men that last night. Sir
James is reliving his half of that scene; Drake must now play a very
delicate game. He must deduce from Sir James's behavior what he, as
Roger Balfour, should do or say next. The slightest misstep can shatter
Sir James's hypnotic trance.
James, unable to quite conceal his annoyance, tells "Roger" that he has
come here tonight in a spirit of friendship to help his friend with his
financial difficulties. I know about your troubles, he says, more than
plays a hunch. He tells Sir James that he knows exactly the extent of
his knowledge -- he sees that his hunch has hit home, and continues --
knows that Sir James has been stealing from him right and left, made him
penniless. Now that you have me in your power, he says, what do you
want Lucy, says Sir James. I have loved her since she was a baby, and I
want her for my wife. You have always distrusted me, suspected me. You
have called me a drug user and a sensualist, but you could never prove
Drake, with the revulsion of a father with daughters of his own, knows
what Roger Balfour must have said, the only thing that could have caused
events to turn out as they did. I can prove it, he says, now.
James's eyes blaze with hate as he draws his revolver. He demands these
"proofs." The other man refuses, and Sir James fires. Drake crumples to
the floor, a bloody wound in his temple.
James searches the desk. Those proofs, whatever Roger had, must be
here, he is certain. He goes through every drawer quickly but carefully,
finding nothing. The fool was bluffing. Well, now he's dead, and good
riddance. Sir James takes out his handkerchief, wipes his pistol clean,
and lays it on the floor near the dead man's lifeless fingers. Now he
must escape before he is found here. He backs toward the door.
he reaches for the doorknob his arm is seized in a powerful grip, then
his other arm. Sir James struggles in a desperate frenzy, unable to
break free. He hears a voice: Don't let him get away! He's still under hypnosis! I'm coming!
Chapter 28 - A Dramatic Awakening
Sir James struggles, the man in the beaver hat emerges from behind a
screen. Under the man's penetrating gaze, Sir James ceases to struggle.
He looks around. Balfour House! How did he get here? He sees Roger
Balfour dead on the floor, exactly where he left him. But that was five
years ago! Or was it? Has it all been a dream, these five years, all his
patient plotting and planning to possess Lucy? All a dream during the
few seconds as he made his way to the door?
must have been! Roger had been too clever, had his men in hiding. But
not clever enough; they've prevented my escape, but they're too late to
save his life. Sir James looks at the man in the beaver hat. Have I been
says the man, and neither have I. He reaches out and rips the sleeve
from Sir James's jacket. Sir James recoils from the searing pain. There!
says the man. I knew I clipped you when I shot at you tonight. You
thought you'd finish Hibbs with your poison needle, but I was there
instead waiting for you.
Chapter 29 - Surprising Revelations
rises from the floor, wiping the stage blood from his face, grateful
that Sir James had been handed a doctored revolver back at Hamlin House.
The man with Sir James removes his beaver hat, cloak and wig, revealing
cries Sir James. I thought the years had changed you, but now I see
you're an impostor. You've set this trap to blackmail me! You'll get
nothing from me! Sir James shrieks with indignation.
Yates" takes off his glasses, removes the subtle disguise from his
face, rearranges his hair, and shows Sir James his badge: Inspector
Burke of Scotland Yard. I have what I want from you, he says. I've spent
the last three days carefully breaking down your defenses, creating a
mental strain that would make you susceptible to hypnotic influence. My
theory that a criminal in hypnosis, faced with the circumstances of his
crime, will repeat that crime exactly -- my theory has been proven
broken, trapped, Sir James crumbles and confesses all. He murdered
Roger Balfour just as Burke and his crew have seen him reenact the crime
tonight. He murdered Harry Balfour with a poison injection to the
throat for fear that Harry would discover the proof of his wicked life
that he could not find before -- and worse, would take Lucy away from
him. He tried to do the same to Hibbs to get him out of Lucy's life,
before Yates/Burke's intervention sent him fleeing for his life.
stenographer has it all. Inspector Burke orders the statement typed up.
He tells Sir James that the law will see to it that every last farthing
he stole from Roger Balfour will be restored to Lucy as the last
survivor of her murdered family. And finally, he orders his men to
examine Roger Balfour's desk closely for evidence of a secret drawer;
those proofs must be in there somewhere.
Chapter 30 - Recapitulation
tells Sir James that he suspected him from the start; if only he could
have acted sooner, he might have saved Harry Balfour's life. Burke's
investigation had uncovered evidence of Sir James's embezzlement from
Roger Balfour. A former policewoman, Anna Smithson, was planted in Sir
James's household, where she uncovered evidence of Sir James's drug use
and degenerate activities. She had also overheard conversations between
Sir James and Harry -- no one ever notices the servants -- and knew that
Harry intended to remove his sister from Sir James's influence. She had
even found the vial of poison with which Sir James murdered Harry (and
intended to murder Hibbs) and replaced it with a harmless liquid. The
real poison is now in police hands, to be used as evidence.
Chapter 31 - Professional Pride
Burke goes upstairs to where Lucy is sitting by the bedside of Hibbs,
now all but recovered from his derangement. Burke tells Lucy and Hibbs
his true identity, and that he has the murderer of Lucy's father and
brother in custody. He spares her any details for the moment. She must
know all in time, of course, but later, when she's stronger.
apologizes for keeping Hibbs in the dark, but it was necessary to the
operation; Hibbs is not dissembler enough to have been able to play a
role. Hibbs sheepishly admits that he now wishes he'd taken "Colonel
Yates's" advice and gone to bed. It would have saved everyone a lot of
trouble -- especially himself.
comes in to say goodbye; she will miss Miss Lucy and Mr. Jerry. She
playfully scolds Burke for that "terrible tarradiddle" he made her tell
about the green mist through the keyhole.
come the man in the beaver hat and the bat-woman; their part in Burke's
elaborate charade is done, and now it's back to the music halls for
them. Come see us, the woman says, Mooney and Luney -- Jimmy Mooney and
Lunette the bat: "I fly by night an' I sleep by day, the looniest kind
of a bat!"
So there you have it, friends: London After Midnight
-- a Halloween treat with a trick. If you've seen 1935's Mark of the Vampire
twist came as no surprise to you; for that matter, even in 1927 the New
York Times commented that whether the ending surprised anyone would be
"a matter of opinion."
There are major discrepancies between the Philip J. Riley and Turner Classic Movies reconstructions of London After Midnight
and the story told by Marie
Coolidge-Rask. In both reconstructions, Hibbs is identified as Arthur, not
Jeremiah (Jerry), and he's Sir James's nephew, not his secretary.
(Variety's Mori says Hibbs is Roger Balfour's nephew, but that doesn't
make sense and is probably a mistake on Mori's part.) Riley's version describes the search for and discovery of Harry Balfour's body, but the TCM
version doesn't, nor do the reviews -- they don't even mention Harry's
existence. Anyhow, the illustration in the novel (see Chapter 2,
"Another Mystery") suggests Harry must have been in there somewhere.
(Oddly enough, in the caption Jules Cowles, who played Gallagher the
chauffeur, is identified by his own name rather than his character's.)
important of all, the idea of Inspector Burke operating incognito as
Colonel Yates seems to have been entirely Ms. Coolidge-Rask's invention;
in the reconstructions and reviews Burke is openly himself
throughout. He is even shown investigating the "mysterious" death of
Roger Balfour and deciding it was suicide, then coming back five years
later to prove it was murder -- the Times reviewer pinpointed the
howling illogic of that ("...Burke of Scotland Yard, the genius who
wills to solve a murder mystery five years after he has declared it to
be a case of suicide.").
All things considered -- and with no true copy of London After Midnight
having only Variety's detailed recounting, the New York Times's
musings, and the two reconstructions to go on -- I have to say it's pretty clear that Marie Coolidge-Rask, despite her cumbersome way with
words, made a considerable improvement on Tod Browning's story, which appears not to have been given much clear thought by Browning, his co-scenarist Waldemar Young, or anybody else at MGM. Once you
accept the basic premise -- an elaborate police sting to hypnotize a
murderer into reenacting his crime -- her story has its own logic
and builds a good amount of suspense. There are many nicely creepy
moments -- not least the eye-opening whiff of pedophilia in Sir James's
character, which in the novel surely goes beyond what the Hays Office
would have tolerated in 1927. Much of the plot as it reads must have
been the novelist's creation; there seems far too much to fit into a
picture that Variety says ran only 65 minutes (TCM's reconstruction runs
46). And the book has a good sense of pace, becoming quite breakneck as
the climax approaches -- just about the time Hibbs goes crazy we begin
to feel as if we
have, too; as Lucy's world is turned topsy-turvy, so is ours.
hope you've enjoyed Marie Coolidge-Rask's spooky little Halloween
campfire story. Have a safe and happily creepy Halloween,